The pharmacological properties of the Ayahuasca potion are generally found in various plants. Some plants that can be used in Ayahuasca admixtures are generally found in the region of South America. But these various admixtures are also available in other parts of the world.
It is a common belief that combining Ayahuasca to other plants increases its visionary strength and healing properties together with its power to reveal the guidance that a person is seeking. Each Ayahuasca admixture differs in psychoactive properties. But generally, it is use to increase the healing properties of Ayahuasca.
At present, there are over ninety various plant species from thirty eight plant families that were reported as part of Ayahuasca admixtures. These admixtures can then be classified into three distinct categories.
The three categories of Ayahuasca admixtures are therapeutic, stimulants and visionary additives or entheogenic. The Entheogenic level is further subdivided in four categories: the first subcategory is Nicotiana or nicotine; second is Brugmansia or tropane alkaloid; third is Brunfelsia or scopoletine; and the last one is Chacruna/Chagropanga or DMT.
The plants included in the group of Nicotiana or nicotine, Brugmansia or tropane alkaloids and Brunfelsia or scopoletine are all members of the Solanaceae family. Generally, all the plants that are included in Ayahuasca admixtures carry pharmacological uses that include enhancing and improving the entheogenic properties and visionary qualities of the herbal potion. This in turn can be used in achieving Shamanic divination purposes.
The most common and widespread plant used for Ayahuasca admixture is the Psychotria viridis. This admixture plant is use in Amazonian Ecuador, Brazil, and Amazonian Peru. In Ecuador, this admixture plant is popularly recognized as amirucapanga or Sami ruca, while in Peru, this is popularly called as chacruna. The leaves of chacruna are added in the Ayahuasca concoction to increase the potent strength of its entheogenic properties. The Beta-carboline properties found in the chacruna shrub allow the inactive DMT found in Ayahuasca to be active orally. This produces the effects of the potion more effectively.
Another common admixture is Chaliponga or Diplopterys cabrerana. This plant is formerly known as Banisteriopsis rusbyana. It is a native herb that is used to strengthen the potency of Ayahuasca properties in the potion. The native Sionas add the leaves of Chaliponga in Ayahuasca to improve visions and to lengthen the effect of the Ayahuasca drink.
Meanwhile, Toe or Brugmansia suaveolens is also a common mixture for Ayahuasca. However, this admixture is only reserved for shamans and experienced healers because this admixture is dangerous and can result to serious physical or mental damages or even death if it is not used properly. Aside from chacruna, other common Ayahuasca admixtures are Amyruca or Psychotria carthagensis, Virola callophyla, Nicotiana rustica, Justicia pectoralis, and Ilex guayusa.